Surgical outcomes for esotropia in children with high accommodative convergence/accommodation ratio

To assess whether a high accommodative / accommodative convergence (AC / A) ratio affects surgical outcomes in children with esotropia (ET) and to assess the appropriate target angle of surgical dosing in the presence of a high AC / A ratio. A retrospective review identified patients who suffered a primary bilateral medial rectus (BMR) due to TS. Patients were excluded if the follow-up was ≤ 2 months. Basic demographic information, visual acuity, stereopsy, orientation, and target angles for surgery were collected. High AC / A was defined as a deviation of ≥10 prismatic diopters (Δ)   near compared to distance. Outcome parameters were near and far deviations ≤10Δ within orthophoria and / or postoperative stereopsis. Yates' Continuity Correction, Unpaired T Test, Regression Analysis and one-way ANOVA were used. 103 patients were identified preoperatively, 23 with high AC / A and 80 with normal AC / A. The mean age was 4.0 ± 2.5 years. Surgical success, measured by postoperative orie

Influence of the interaction between parental myopia and poor eye habits when reading and writing and poor reading posture on prevalence of myopia in school students

To assess the prevalence of myopia in high school students in Urumqi, China, and examine the impact of the interaction between parental myopia and poor reading and writing habits on myopia to identify the population at risk and provide evidence to help students to avoid myopia. In December 2019, a cross-sectional survey was conducted in Ürümqi with 6,883 schoolchildren between 7 and 20 years old. The standard eye chart and mydriatic optometry were used to determine if the students were nearsighted. Falconer method was used to calculate the inheritance of parental myopia. Multivariate unconditional logistic regression models were used to analyze myopia risk factors and the additive and multiplicative interaction of parental myopia and poor reading and writing habits. After standardizing the age of the 6,883 students, the overall myopia prevalence rate was 47.50%. The inheritance of myopia from parents was 66.57% for boys, 67.82% for girls, 65.02% for the Han gro

Dysfunctional tear syndrome dry eye disease and associated tear film disorders

Dysfunctional tear syndrome (DTS) is a common and complex di sease that affects the ocular surface. The health and normal function of the ocular surface depends on a sufficiently stable tear film. In recent years, due to the expanded research and publication of diagnostic and treatment guidelines related to diseases that cause DTS, including treatment recommendations from the Delphi DTS team (2006) and the International Dry Eye Symposium, doctors’ understanding of diseases that affect the ocular surface has Enhancement (DEWS) (2007), Meibomian Gland Dysfunction Symposium (MGD) (2011), and the American Academy of Ophthalmology ’s updated guidelines for preferred practices related to dry eye and blepharitis (2013). Since the release of existing guidelines, new diagnostic techniques and treatment options ha ve been available, providing opportunities for better patient management. Doctors now have access to a wealth of information to help them obtain the diff

Should patients with optic neuritis be treated with steroids?

Optic neuritis is the maximum not unusualplace motive of optic neuropathy in younger adults. High-dose intravenous corticosteroids (IVCS) had been installed as the usual of remedy for acute optic neuritis through the Optic Neuritis Treatment Trial (ONTT), with its first findings posted greater than two decades ago. Subsequent research have in addition clarified the position of corticosteroids withinside the remedy of acute optic neuritis. Recent   medical studies has showed current understanding of the efficacy and  obstacles of corticosteroids withinside the remedy of optic  neuritis  Recent research have tested the position of race, course of management and mixture of IVCS with different therapies. Current proof maintains to aid high-dose IVCS because the cornerstone of remedy of acute optic neuritis.High-dose IVCS are powerful in hastening visible recuperation in acute regular optic neuritis, however do now no longer have an effect on the very last visible o

Ophthalmology and Clinical Research

 Worldwide Journal of Ophthalmology and Clinical Research is a global open access, peer audited diary for visual science subject matter expert and ophthalmologists. IJOCR serves the exploration field by distributing unique articles in clinical and fundamental science research and different articles identifying with the feeling of sight. Greatness in IJOCR is achieved through unprejudiced friend survey, raised learning, progression in development and revelation. IJOCR surveys articles and inventive examination reports from clinical perceptions, clinical examinations and important lab examinations able in the area of ophthalmology. IJOCR topics to distribute total and solid data on present disclosures.  The diary basically centered around distributing of clinical and clinical examination of fundamental and present day feeling of vision, which are engaged with late advances of illnesses like glaucoma, uveitis, refractive medical procedure, waterfall and other retina issues and furthermore

A Revision of the International Classification of Retinopathy of Prematurity

Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is still a major threat to premature babies' vision, with some cases resulting in irreversible vision loss. The International Categorization of Retinopathy of Prematurity (ICROP), a clinical classification system for acute ROP, was created in 1984 with input from experts from around the world.  Cryotherapy's efficacy in preventing retinal detachment and vision loss due to ROP was promptly proven in a multicenter clinical trial. 2 Since its inception, ICROP has enhanced clinical care by permitting reliable documenting of ROP, facilitating comparison of serial examinations by numerous doctors, and facilitating consultation with peers. The ICROP has undergone fine-tuning in the past, most recently in 2005. 3 The ICROP3 classification, which was released this year, was updated to better characterise the disease as it is being managed. 4 ICROP3's primary revisions address concepts added over the last two decades that are thought to influence the